Whether you have a new canine companion or you and your dog have been together for a while, it’s helpful to know the meaning of your dog’s communication signals so that you can adjust your own behavior as needed and so that you can be assured of your dog’s feelings. Dogs make vocalizations and gestures using their face and body just as humans do in order to express their feelings. While some of these gestures can appear very similar to human gestures, in dogs, they can have very different meanings. In this article, you’ll learn to interpret your dog’s various messaging strategies and you’ll learn how to communicate more effectively with your canine pal.
Understanding Dog Behavior
1.Observe your dog. Learning your dog’s habits, mannerisms, and movements through observation will allow the process of understanding its communication behavior to feel more natural. There will be plenty of things it does that will make sense to you without explanation. Just as every person is unique, so is your dog.
Know your dog’s response to eye contact. Consider how you feel when someone stares at you directly rather than using normal eye contact. Just as you find it confronting, dogs also feel confused and threatened by direct head-on staring because it is a threat stance for them. A dog that looks away in this situation is actually being polite and is seeking to avoid confrontation. Alternately, training your dog to make eye contact to communicate is extremely helpful for keeping his focus on you. 
2.Identify playful and affectionate behavior. Dogs communicate easy confidence and a desire to play through posture and body signals.
3.Interpret discomfort or unease. Knowing when your dog is uncomfortable or feeling insecure can help you meet the animal’s needs and provide comfort and reassurance when necessary.
4.Recognize warning signs of aggression. Aggression may lead to unwanted dog fighting or attacks. Recognizing early warning signs of aggression can help your deescalate a situation before it gets worse.